History will judge societies and governments — and their institutions — not by how big they are or how well they serve the rich and the powerful, but by how effectively they respond to the needs of the poor and the helpless.
Cesar Chavez (March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993)
Bloody Sunday was a massacre on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, in which 26 unarmed civil-rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army. Thirteen people were shot and killed, with another man later dying of his wounds. The official army position, backed by the British Home Secretary the next day in the House of Commons, was that the paratroopers had reacted to gun and nail bomb attacks from suspected IRA members. All eyewitnesses (apart from the soldiers), including marchers, local residents, and British and Irish journalists present, maintain that soldiers fired into an unarmed crowd, or were aiming at fleeing people and those tending the wounded, whereas the soldiers themselves were not fired upon. No British soldier was wounded by gunfire or reported any injuries, nor were any bullets or nail bombs recovered to back up their claims.• John Lennon recorded the 1972 song Sunday Bloody Sunday in protest of the Bloody Sunday Massacre.
• Black Sabbath’s Geezer Butler wrote Sabbath Bloody Sabbath, in 1973, in reference to the massacre.
• U2 released their protest song Sunday Bloody Sunday in 1983.
• Bloody Sunday is a 2002 film about the 1972 “Bloody Sunday” shootings in Derry, Northern Ireland. Although produced by Granada Television as a TV film, it premiered at the Sundance Film Festival on 16 January, a few days before its screening on ITV on 20 January, and then in selected London cinemas from 25 January. The production was written and directed by Paul Greengrass (also United 93 and Captain Phillips). Though set in Derry city, the film was actually shot in Ballymun in North Dublin. However, some location scenes were shot in Derry City, in Guildhall Square and in Creggan on the actual route of the march 1972. Bloody Sunday film in its entirety.